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using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;

using MongoDB.Bson;
using MongoDB.Bson.IO;
using MongoDB.Bson.Serialization;
using MongoDB.Bson.Serialization.Serializers;
using MongoDB.Driver;
using MongoDB.Driver.Linq;

namespace TestStringIdSerializer
{
    public class Foo
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string S { get; set; }

        public override string ToString()
        {
            return string.Format("Foo:Id={0},S=\"{1}\"", Id, S);
        }
    }

    public class StringIdSerializer : BsonBaseSerializer
    {
        private StringTable _stringTable;

        public StringIdSerializer(StringTable stringTable)
        {
            _stringTable = stringTable;
        }

        public override object Deserialize(BsonReader bsonReader, Type nominalType, Type actualType, IBsonSerializationOptions options)
        {
            var id = bsonReader.ReadInt32();
            return _stringTable.LookupString(id);
        }

        public override void Serialize(BsonWriter bsonWriter, Type nominalType, object value, IBsonSerializationOptions options)
        {
            var id = _stringTable.LookupId((string)value);
            bsonWriter.WriteInt32(id);
        }
    }

    public class StringTable
    {
        private int _nextId;
        private Dictionary<string, int> _ids = new Dictionary<string, int>();
        private Dictionary<int, string> _strings= new Dictionary<int,string>();

        public int LookupId(string s)
        {
            int id;
            if (!_ids.TryGetValue(s, out id))
            {
                id = ++_nextId;
                _ids.Add(s, id);
                _strings.Add(id, s);
            }
            return id;
        }

        public string LookupString(int id)
        {
            string s;
            if (!_strings.TryGetValue(id, out s))
            {
                var message = string.Format("Id {0} not found in string table.", id);
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(message, "id");
            }
            return s;
        }
    }

    public static class Program
    {
        public static void Main(string[] _args)
        {
            try
            {
                var stringTable = new StringTable();
                var stringIdSerializer = new StringIdSerializer(stringTable);
                BsonClassMap.RegisterClassMap<Foo>(cm =>
                {
                    cm.AutoMap();
                    cm.GetMemberMap(x => x.S).SetSerializer(stringIdSerializer);
                });

                var connectionString = "mongodb://localhost/?safe=true";
                var server = MongoServer.Create(connectionString);
                var database = server.GetDatabase("test");
                var collection = database.GetCollection<Foo>("test");

                if (collection.Exists()) { collection.Drop(); }
                collection.Insert(new Foo { Id = 1, S = "abc" });
                collection.Insert(new Foo { Id = 2, S = "def" });

                Console.WriteLine("Raw BSON documents inserted:");
                foreach (var document in collection.FindAllAs<BsonDocument>())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(document.ToJson());
                }
                Console.WriteLine();

                Console.WriteLine("Foo instances read back:");
                foreach (var foo in collection.FindAll())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(foo.ToString());
                }
                Console.WriteLine();

                Console.WriteLine("Foo instances read back using LINQ query for \"def\":");
                var query = collection.AsQueryable().Where(x => x.S == "def");
                Console.WriteLine("MongoDB query: {0}", ((MongoQueryable<Foo>)query).GetMongoQuery().ToJson());
                foreach (var foo in query)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(foo.ToString());
                }
                Console.WriteLine();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unhandled exception:");
                Console.WriteLine(ex);
            }

            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to continue");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}